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Activities of Daily Living (ADL) - Various routine activities that are performed day to day, such as putting on clothes, preparing meals, household chores, working at a job, going to school, using transportation to get from one place to another, etc.
Alliance for Technology Access (ATA) - A national network of community-based assistive technology centers, other grassroots organizations, companies and individuals enhancing the lives of people with disabilities through technology.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - A federal civil rights law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability in (1) employment, (2) programs, services and activities of state and local government agencies and (3) goods, services, facilities, advantages, privileges and accommodation of places of public accommodation.
Assistive Listening Devices (ALD) - Devices that amplify a speaker’s voice to a level where a person with hearing loss can hear more clearly.
Assistive Technology Act (ATA) of 1998, as amended in 2004 A federal law enacted in 1998 providing financial assistance to states. The ATA of 1998 replaces the Technology Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act. The act was amended in 2004.
Assistive Technology Device - Any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether obtained commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.
Assistive Technology Service - Any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition or use of an assistive technology device.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication Device (AAC) - Electronic and mechanical devices used by individuals with speech disabilities to communicate
California Assistive Technology System (CATS) - The State Assistive Technology program for California, funded under the Assistive Technology Act of 1998.
California Children's Services (CCS) - A program of the Department of Health Services that provides medically necessary services and devices to eligible children.
California Foundation of Independent Living Centers (CFILC) - A statewide, nonprofit trade organization that supports independent living centers in their local communities through advocating for systems change and promoting access and integration for people with disabilities.
California Department of Education (CDE) - A state department responsible for administering educational programs, including the special education program, for children in grades K-12. The CDE must investigate and take appropriate action on complaints alleging a school district's noncompliance with the terms of a child's Individualized Education Plan.
Carpenter Injunction - A court order establishing the procedure for the payment of medical equipment and supplies required by individuals who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medi-Cal.
Child Health and Disability Prevention Program (CHDP) - A state program that provides periodic screening services to children receiving Medi-Cal benefits through the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program. For low-income children who are not eligible for Medi-Cal, CHDP evaluations, assessment and follow-up treatment services are funded by money from Proposition 99 (the tobacco tax)
Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) - A device that uses a special television camera to magnify a printed page or other object. The enlarged image is displayed on a computer monitor or television screen.
DDTP - Deaf and Disabled Telecommunications Program, sponsored by the California Public Utilities Commission, which provides low- and no-cost phones to people with hearing impairments.
Department of Rehabilitation (DOR) - The state agency designated to provide vocational rehabilitation services to individuals eligible under the federal Rehabilitation Act.
Durable Medical Equipment (DME) - Generally, DME is defined as medical equipment which withstands repeated use, is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose, is generally not useful in the absence of illness or injury, is appropriate for use in the home and is reasonable and necessary for the treatment of an injury or illness.
Early Intervention Services - A program of activities and services, including assistive technology, required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for children from birth through age two.
Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) - A comprehensive health care program under Medicaid (Medi-Cal in California) designed to provide necessary medical services to children aged 21 and under. The standard of medical necessity under EPSDT allows for full access to needed medical services for children.
Effective Communication - A requirement under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) obligating entities covered by the Act to ensure that their communications with individuals with disabilities are as effective as those with other non-disabled individuals.
Environmental Control Units (ECU's) - Devices that allow an individual to control the elements of the environment, including devices to monitor and maintain required temperature, humidity and quality of the air; devices for opening and closing doors; and controls for using household appliances.
Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) - The requirement under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) entitling children with disabilities aged 3-21 to an individualized public education at no cost to parents.
Fundamental Alteration - The term used in the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to mean a significant modification that alters the essential nature of a service or program.
Home Improvements and Structural Alterations Program (HISA) - A program under the Veterans Administration that pays for improvements necessary for the continuation of treatment or to provide access to the home and essential lavatory and sanitary facilities.
Independent Living Center - A community-based nonprofit organization mandated to provide services to people with disabilities to enhance their ability to live independently.
Independent Living Services - A wide variety of services designed to enhance the abilities of individuals with significant disabilities to live independently, either in the community or with their families, and, if appropriate, to secure and maintain employment.
Individual Education Program (IEP) - A legal document developed by a team containing a special education student's present levels of educational performance, goals and objectives, special education and related services and placement for each school year.
Individualized Plan for Employment - A written document stating the employment outcome of a vocational rehabilitation client and the specific vocational rehabilitation services the Department of Rehabilitation shall provide to the client.
Individualized Transition Plan - IDEA requires public schools to develop transition service plans for older students who need to prepare for community living after leaving high school.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) - Federal law that authorizes special education and related services including assistive technology.
Job Accommodation Network (JAN) - A consulting service that provides information about job accommodations and the employability of people with disabilities.
Lanterman Act - The set of laws in California that grants people with developmental disabilities the right to necessary service and supports, and establishes the regional center system and the area boards.
Least Restrictive Environment - The educational setting where a student with disabilities can receive a free and appropriate public education designed to meet his or her education needs while being educated with peers without disabilities in the regular educational environment to the maximum extent appropriate.
Lemon Law - A consumer protection law that provides legal remedies for buyers of consumer goods. The Lemon law contains special provisions for buyers and users of assistive technology.
Loan Guarantee Program - A state revolving fund that provides loan guarantees for transportation, supported employment and assistive technology.
Medi-Cal - A state and federally funded program that pays for medically necessary treatment services, medicines, and devices that people with disabilities and certain other low-income persons need.
Medically Necessary - The standard used by public and private health plans to determine a beneficiary's need for a covered benefit. Each program has its own definition of medical necessity.
Medicare - A health insurance program for people who qualify for social security disability payments and their dependents.
Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) - A division of the U.S. Department of Education administering the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. From time to time, the OSEP issues policy letters clarifying the Department's position on various special education topics.
Pay or of Last Resort - A legal designation whereby the resources of a public entity may be used to pay for a benefit only after exhausting the possibility of using the resources of other agencies and entities.
Personal Devices - Under the ADA, equipment, aids and supplies used by an individual with a disability primarily for meeting personal needs unrelated to the activities and programs covered by the ADA.
Plan to Achieve Self Support (PASS) - A social security work incentive program which allows individuals with disabilities to receive supplemental security income (SSI). Under the PASS, the individual puts some of his or her income or available resources in a plan for the purpose of securing or maintaining a specific employment objective.
Policy - A rule, criterion or guideline established by an entity in order to delineate its operations. Generally, governmental agencies establish internal policies to promote the ends set out in their implementing regulations.
Prior Approval/Authorization - A requirement by which a beneficiary of a program must obtain authorization before receiving a service.
Prosthetic Devices - Devices affixed to, or implanted in, the body to substitute for, or assist the function of, a defective or missing body part or organ.
Public Accommodation - A private entity that owns or operates a place of business to which the public is invited. The place where the entity conducts its activities is referred to as the place of public accommodation. Typical examples of such places include restaurants, retail stores, hotels and doctors' offices.
Qualified Individual with a Disability - Under the ADA, an individual with a disability who meets the essential eligibility requirements to be considered for an employment position, or for participation in a public program or activity.
Reasonable Accommodations - Under the ADA, reasonable adjustments, modifications or provision of services and equipment necessary to enable an individual with a disability to enjoy equal opportunities in employment. The term is routinely used to include accommodations needed under other circumstances in which entities are administering public programs or providing private service to the public.
Regional Center - A private, nonprofit community agency established under the Lanterman Act that has contracted with the Department of Developmental Services to provide evaluations and case management and purchases services for people with developmental disabilities and their families.
Rehabilitation Act - A Federal law entitling individuals with disabilities to vocational rehabilitation and independent living services. This law also prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability by various entities including the federal government, recipients of federal financial assistance and federal contractors.
Related Services - A range of supportive services that are necessary for a child with a disability to receive a free and appropriate public education. Related services include assistive technology devices and services.
Special Education - A program of services and activities required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the California Education Code in order to provide a free and appropriate public education to children with disabilities.
Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988 ("Tech Act") - A federal law enacted in 1988 and expired in 1998 that provided grants to states for the purpose of carrying out a coordinated program for systemic change to promote access to assistive technology. This law was replaced by the Assistive Technology Act of 1998.
Treatment Authorization Request (TAR) - A request to the Medi-Cal program to approve medical services, medicines and devices.
Vocational Rehabilitation Service - A range of vocational services including training, counseling, job placement ,and assistive technology provided by the Department of Rehabilitation for the purpose of maximizing the employability of individuals with disabilities.
Work Incentive Program - Various federal programs available through the Social Security Administration that allow SSI recipients and applicants to receive SSI payments while engaging in gainful employment.
The AT Network is dedicated to protecting the rights of our consumers and allowing them to remain independent in the community. If you have a question, concern, or a story to share with us then please don't hesitate to contact us: